Sunday, June 12, 2016

Paradigm Shift: Breaking Free From Confirmation Bias

By Lual Garang*
"Shifting our paradigm could be a powerful campus for navigating the world."
Paradigm shift refers to a fundamental change in the way we view the world. This shift is not in the visual sense of sight but rather in terms of how we understand, perceive and interpret the world. This view can be a gradual process or a sudden change in perception. For example, our priorities tend to change when we experience a major health problem or when a close friend dies, our paradigm shifts. This phrase was made popular by Thomas Kuhn in his 1962 classic book: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. 
The most popular scientific example being the widely held view that the earth was the center of the universe by many scientists, who followed the work of the great Egyptian astronomer, Ptolemy. But a paradigm shift happened when Copernicus placed the sun as the center of the universe. Though this was met with great resistance by the church and the popular scientists at the time, it still changed the way many things were interpreted. After Galileo came through with the discovery of telescope, the orbits where observed not to be perfect circles but elliptical. This further view shifted the model used to look at the universe and other stars.
The further we are away from that point of view, the likely we are to have that ‘aha’ moment. 
I remember reading a story about two New York train commuters. One Sunday morning, passengers were sitting quiet, some reading newspapers, others lost in thoughts and some resting with their eyes shut. And then suddenly a man and his kids entered the subway car and the kids were loud and running rage. The nice and quiet environment changed. The kids’ father sat down and closed his eyes as though those were not his kids. Everyone was irritated by the whole situation and possibly exercising restraints. Eventually, the man next to him got more irritated and couldn’t believe how he could be so insensitive to let his kids run wild and not take responsibility. He turned to him and said: “Sir, your children are disturbing a lot of people. I wonder if you could control them a little more!” 
The man then woke up from his trance as if he'd just realized the nature of his kids for the first time and said softly, “Oh, you’re right. I guess I should do something about it. We just came from the hospital where their mother just died about an hour ago. I don’t know what to think and I guess they don’t know how to handle it either.” 
Guess what happened to the man who asked him to control his kids? How he felt that very moment he heard the man’s tragedy? His paradigm shifted, his irritation of the kids’ wild behavior disappeared and he suddenly saw things differently from the rest of the subway commuters who didn’t hear the man’s story. Because he saw things differently, he thought differently, felt differently and behaved differently. His heart was filled with the man’s pain and his compassion flowed freely and he asked how he could be of a help to the man.
Shifting our paradigm could be a powerful campus for navigating the world. It will make us treat people of other cultures, religions and social backgrounds differently if we take time to learn about them. But a paradigm shift comes with so much resistance as it disrupts careers, put companies out of business and change entire industries. Yet this is the way forward for civilization. What would you tell the Wright brothers if they told you that they were building a machine that could fly and you were their neighbor at the time? 
The key is not in changing the world but changing how you view your world. I have no idea who wrote this quote but nevertheless, I will share it here:
It starts like an itch. Something happen in our lives that cause us to question what we know. We open our eyes and seek the truth. The more we uncover, the hungrier we are for understanding. But the world isn’t perfect and there’s a lot of pain and deception. We have the burning desire to do more. We read a lot. We start protesting. Our family label us as too negative. Our friends start to pull away. Our spouses reject us. We are labelled as hippies, anarchists, angry kids, conspiracy theories and terrorist. We are beaten by police and mocked by news. Yet we have become obsessed with spreading the truth. It becomes a very solidarity journey.”

 *Lual Garang's informative and educative writings appear on his blog: Visit his blog to read more of his writings.



Dear Melbournians, the South Sudanese people to be precise. Do you think we have seen it all? Do you think we have seen that: I mean in the aftermath of yesteryears, in regard to our culture and the notions around identity and belonging? Do you think we have seen the true reaping of what we sowed years ago? Do you really think so? After all, did we really sow anything like seeds and that there’s something to be reaped? Did we really live it out well to be seen today?

I am sorry to have bothered you, my potential readers, with questions regarding our social, economic, and political location in our host society: Australia. I think we have not seen it all and as a whole: The idea that people are bound by certain values and beliefs of significance to them. This requires cooperation and role-specific obligations on the roles of every man and woman across a given people and their society.


While it is possible for us to racially discriminate or judge people we know, the chances of judging people we know diminish significantly the more we know them. An easy example of the importance of understanding others is the attitude people develop when they want to harm others or when they want to deny them something valuable. Essentially, before you fight someone, you insult them. Insults are attempts at diminishing the value of people, an attempt at estranging them, as Toni Morrison argued in The Origin of Others. It is easy to discriminate against strangers or make others strangers or dehumanized in order to discriminate against them.

Transformational Leadership, Inclusive Institutions and Service Provision

Leadership, given what is happening now in South Sudan, and generally in Africa, fascinates me. And it fascinates me not in a good way but because of the sociopolitical and socioeconomic ills facing the African continent and most of the so-called 'Third World.' To me, South Sudan, now, is a classic case.

Rebellion by disaffected politico-military leaders and repression by the government of South Sudan in Juba have stunted institutional development and leadership growth. This has made service provision almost irrelevant as political survival has taken primacy and supremacy. CLICK HERE TO READ MORE

‘Black’ as an Identity Oversimplification and Mockery

Black as a universalized cultural identity of the African Person (AP)* is a residual effect of slave and colonial mentality; a racial/race paradigm. It is a malady I call, conservatively speaking, stuck-in-the-past syndrome of color constraints. Black could be an on-the-street ‘social identifier’ of race figures not a meaningful phenomenon of deep cultural identification on a universal scale.

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