Having read Race and Racism related writings of eminent scholars like Lewis Gordon, Henry Gates, Paul Gilroy, Cornell West…among others, I’ve come to realize two conflicting virtues the Euro-world imposes on the AP as a function of historical, institutional powerlessness. However, this conflict isn’t in the classical Race double consciousness DuBois (1903/1965) diagnosed at the beginning of the 20th century. Instead, it is the need to be recognized and valued by European scholars on one hand, and the emotional, racial requirement to promote what it means to be an AP in a global sense on the other (Haley 1993).
*African Person: I use this word for Africans and people of African descent
Haley, Shelley P.(1993) Black Feminist Thought and Classics in “Feminist Theory and the Classics”. (Edited) by Nancy Sorkin Rabinowitz and Amy Richlin, NY: Routledge.
DuBois, W.E. B (1965) "The Souls of Black Folk" in Three Negro Classics by John Hope Franklin (ed) New York: Avon Books
Fanon, Frantz. (2008) Black Skin, White Masks, New York: Grove Press.